Life is hard and so is water, the most delicate and transparent liquid in our life. Water is extracted beneath the soil. It is rich in various underground nutrients like Calcium, Magnesium, Manganese and Cobalt and presence of these minerals imparts hardness to water. However hard water is not that detrimental for your health, but it causes several adverse effect on numerous water related appliances or kitchen utensils. But Water is transparent and so its constituents, so you cannot gauze its hardness via naked eyes, but the marks which it leaves can be clearly seen. If you hair feels course and rough, Shampoo doesn’t lather, there are spots on your utensils, rust ring on your bathtub, laundry is dingy, coffee maker has scale deposits then you have reasons to worry, as these are the clear indication of water hardness.

How you can remove this hardness?

To transform your hard water into soft one, you need a water softener. You can check these water softener reviews to find and choose the best system for your home.

The principle behind the water softener:

The major thread behind this hardening act is those minerals. A water softener is basically an ion exchanger that specifically trawls these problem causing minerals and reduces the lime content of water. The net used to filter out these hard minerals is the resin bead. Resin beads exchange calcium and magnesium in return of softness. Once the pores of resin beads get exhausted, they are immediately rejuvenated by a process known as regeneration. A concentrated solution of sodium ion is used for this purpose.

How to select a water softener?

Size: Size here is not a major dimension of consideration. The capacity of water softener, is the amount of soft water it can create between two successive regenerations is the prime trait to vouch for. This capacity is also directly proportional to the degree of hardness of water. First estimate the hardness of your locality’s water and on basics of that buy your water softener.

Apart from size and capacity also check the below mention points:

· Longevity: The durability of the softener
· Precautions: The safety measure you need to follow during the installation of the softener.
· The control mechanism: The things you need to know while operating a water softener.
· Time required: The water holding capacity and the standard water contact time required to ensure proper ion exchange
· Cost: The cost effectiveness and the regeneration process and its efficacy.

There are different types of water softener:

· Time regenerated
· Meter regenerated
· Manually regenerated
Hard water has less issue with health, but has potential threat to your expenses. The majority of problems created out of the hardness of water remain docile, until it takes serious appearance, causing numerous malfunctions in water using appliance. When heated minerals present in hard water recrystallize it form tough scales which eventually clog the pipes and reduces water flow. So to retain the flow of water through pipes and to protect your kitchen appliances you need a water softer system. Follow the guides mentioned in this article or any other water softener reviews and bring in a perfect water softener system.

Living in today’s world is becoming more and more expensive, and because of that more people are looking at the used car market rather than buying new. The main problem with this, is that a second hand car can have problems which may not be apparent at the time of buying it, and these can be costly to repair.

Did you know, you can protect yourself against some, or all of the cost of car repairs by taking out a car warranty?

Buying a car warranty will cover you should you have any unforeseen issues with your car, but it will not make your car unbreakable, issues can, and do still occur, it just means that when they do occur, you won’t be landed with an unmanageable repair bill.

A car warranty will cover issues with your engine, drive system and any agreed extras you have covered by your policy, but generally you will still be responsible for having your car serviced (such as oil changes, new filters, brakes and tyres) however some types of warranty may cover some of these items – it’s good to check before purchasing.

Think about what you need from a warranty – the primary purpose is to keep your car repaired should anything break, which is great, but what if your engine blows up – whilst the warranty may well cover the costs of a new engine, and fitting of the engine, your car is likely to be in the garage for some time, weeks, possibly months if they are waiting to source a replacement engine.

During the time your car is in the garage, you’re effectively left without a car, unless your warranty specifically covers a courtesy or rental car whilst yours is in for repair, this is something we would recommend you add onto your “must have” list when looking for a potential warranty supplier, you are taking out a warranty on your car to ensure it can be repaired and remain on the road, so doing without it for a month or more at a time is likely not a viable option for you.

Other extras which may be included are things such as breakdown cover, if you already pay for this separately you may be able to save some money by cancelling it and having it included with your warranty. If you’re doing this, make sure you are getting a suitable level of cover, you don’t want to break down late at night and be towed to the nearest garage and left there, breakdown cover which includes forward journey cover is best (this means that the recovery company will take you to wherever you were going as part of the service).

If your car has a lot of extra gadgets such as cruise control, satnav and reverse parking sensors, make sure these are covered under your warranty if they are important to you, otherwise these components may not be included in any warranty cover you take out, and you’ll have to foot the bill yourself.

Much like car insurance, do your research first before you decide on the right car warranty company for you.

Thinking about calling an emergency plumber? Well stop and think, do you really need an emergency plumber or will a normal plumber do?

If you’re planning to have a new bathroom fitted, or want to upgrade your shower, then you really don’t need an emergency plumber.

There are many jobs which would require you to call out a plumber, if you need an outdoor tap, or your toilet is blocked or flushing slowly. None of these are emergencies, you can call out a normal plumber to handle this type of issue, but if a pipe has burst or your tap is overflowing your sink and won’t turn off, in turn flooding your home, then it really is an emergency and you’re going to need to call out an emergency plumber.
So is an Emergency Plumber really required?

Before you make the decision to contact a plumber, you need to decide whether or not it is an emergency, if you decide it is, then you first need to turn off your water supply via the stop-cock/stop-valve, this is generally somewhere near your kitchen sink, although may be elsewhere – familiarise yourself with this so that if you do have an emergency you know where it is. Turning this valve will stop the mains water from coming into your property and will prevent any additional damage being caused by the water.

Calling out an Emergency Plumber

If you’ve turned your water supply off, and turning it back on would cause further flooding or damage to your property, chances are, it’s time to call in the professionals – you’ll need them quick, and this is what companies such as Bristol Emergency Plumber services specialise in. An emergency plumber will come out to your property as soon as possible, without having to book an appointment days or even weeks in advance. As you can imagine, calling out a plumber in an emergency situation will cost you more than using a regular plumber.

When you call the plumber, it’s best to give them as much information as possible, plumbers will carry a large range of plumbing supplies in their van, but you may require something more specialist and if the plumber knows this in advance, they will be able to bring it along.

Before you let a plumber start work on your property, ask for an estimate – you will have to pay the emergency call-out charge whether you decide to give the required work the go-ahead or not, but you should always have an idea of how much the full work will cost when completed.

So, if you’ve woken up in the night to water pouring through your ceiling, or got out of bed and stepped into a puddle, switch off your mains supply and call in the specialists.

A domain name goes through a life cycle, this life cycle can be reset if the owner chooses to renew it, however, what happens if the owner forgets to renew, doesn’t have the money to renew, or has quite simply lost interest in the domain name and does not want to renew it?

1. A domain name is registered and is considered active, or registered – this domain name is owned by an individual or company and can not be registered by anyone else at the moment – it will remain property of the registered owner until the registration time runs out – the minimum time a domain name will be registered for is 1 year.

2. Once the registration period expires, the domain name will be placed on hold for a period of time, this varies depending on the company which was used to register the domain name, and also the type of domain name (.com, .net, .org etc). The on-hold period can last anything up to around 45 days, and during the on-hold period, the person who owns the domain name can come along, re-register the domain name and continue to use it. This domain will not count as having expired, and will carry on as having been registered for the full period. If the owner decides not to renew the domain name, or forgets, it will then move to a redemption period.

3. Redemption periods in terms of domain names last for 30 days, and allows the owner to extend their registration, but as they chose not to renew at renewal time, or during the on-hold period, they will have to pay a penalty fee. The fee varies between registrars and can be up to several hundred dollars, so as you can see, keeping your domain name renewed on time makes a lot more sense than leaving it until the last minute and paying expensive fees.

4. If the domain name is not renewed during the on-hold or redemption periods, it will go into the pending delete phase, this is a 5 day period where the domain name will be in limbo, it can’t be registered by the previous owner and it can’t be registered by a new owner. This period lasts for 5 days and then the domain name will “drop” and be registerable by anyone – if the old owner chose to register it then they could try to register it before anyone else, but there is a strong market for expired domain names, so if the domain name has good metrics or is a valuable name then there will be many people looking to register it.

The exception to this 4th rule is, that some more valuable domain names may be made available for backorder/pre-order before they expire, this often means the domain name will go to auction and interested buyers will bid on the domain. Domain auctions can be an expensive way of purchasing a domain name, especially if the domain name is useful to more than one person.

If you’re interested in registering an expired domain or want to see what is coming up for auction, there are many different websites which are created specifically for this, such as or snapnames – so if you really can’t find a domain name you want which is available to register, why not check out expired or up coming expiring domain names?

Building a successfull online business is definitely a hard task, although by no means impossible. The problem today is that many business ideas have already been snapped up, and entering a market which already has some well established brands can be tricky.

When you’re looking to start a new ecommerce business it’s important to think carefully about what you wish to do, if your skillset includes marketing and web design, then you can quickly put together a website and start marketing it, but would your website bring a unique selling point to the market, if not, how do you intend to draw people to purchase from you, over the already established competitors?

If you can produce a well built website with useful content which solves a users problem, or offers a product cheaper than your competitors, or of better quality, or more convenient, then there’s certainly a place for you.

Once your site is up and running, and earning, you then need to decide what you do next – can you increase the income of the website, whether that be through increasing the reach of the site through something like search engine optimisation or paid advertising, or could you add additional products which compliment those which your website already offers?

Whether you can realistically increase the monthly income or not, you should always have an end-game, an exit strategy – ecommerce websites are hot property these days, especially ones which make an income month on month, there are hundreds if not thousands of people waiting to snap up such websites, either to provide a passive income, or to continue to develop further in an attempt to increase the income.

Some people even purchase websites with the sole purpose of selling them on for more.

If your end game involves eventually selling the website on for a lump sum, then we’d recommend hiring a specialist ecommerce business broker, this will weed out those who wish to purchase the site for less than it’s worth, only to sell it on for its true value shortly thereafter, it will also take out a lot of the hard work for you. Someone who specialises in ecommerce websites will know exactly how to value your site, based on the monthly income, the website itself, and any other assets which come with the website.

So whether you decide to keep the website as a passive income, or expand on it and increase the monthly income, you know you can always sell the website on in future and receive somewhere in the region of 8 – 12 months income as a lump some (depending on what sector your website is in).

So the web can be profitable, you just have to put in the time and effort, be realistic, and don’t give up after a couple of months if things aren’t going too well.

Beginning Web Marketing?

Every day the web is increasing and developing, and it really is a fantastic place to promote your offerings, without having to venture out into the wide world, no travel, no cost, in fact you don’t even have to leave your sofa if you don’t want to. How else can you advertise to the whole world?

Selling online can seem like a daunting task, but it really isnt as frightening as it first seems. Whether you wish to market an item or you need to supply a service, your target market cans raise by an enormous number by entering the online marketing world, you would be dumb to miss out!

Ensure you have a clear concise plan in place before you begin.


Like any job, it is crucial that you have a definite strategy setting out exactly what you wish to achieve, how you will achieve it and what your main aims are.

Your strategy should contain;

Who you will target – it is necessary to fully understand the market that you intend to reach, It is pointless trying to sell a product to someone who has no need or want for the product, so make sure you know who will want to buy your product or service and concentrate your efforts on targetting them.
Unless your merchandise is pretty exceptional, you will need some kind of USP (unique feature), whether you are providing something more affordable than your competition, or something with greater attributes, or something user customisable, whatever it’s you have to have an original selling point.

Much of your e-marketing can be done all on your own, for free (besides your time!) but some matters are more complicated and you would certainly be better finding a professional marketing company such as Online Marketing Calgary who can deal with the more specialized aspects.

Create a Web Site – The number-one priority is a simple, user friendly web site which you can use to promote your product or service on the web. Ensure your site clearly shows what you do, what you sell, and why your competitor should purchase from you rather than your competitors.

If you have all of the above and treat your customers, prospective customers, and past customers well, then your business should grow and you should hit your goals.

Android TV boxes have won the race to bring HBO streaming to a TV near you. Android and Roku both stream media over the internet, however HBO have announced that HBO Now is coming to Android TV, alongside other popular networks which Google have announced will soon be joining Play store.

Google’s announcement included Showtime, CBS (via CBS All Access), Disney Movies Anywhere, WWE, UFC, Epix, and of course HBO.

This fills in a huge gap in the Android TV market, revolutionising the way we watch TV. You’ll be able to watch all of your favourite HBO shows any time you wish, gone are the days of missing a show or forgetting to record it, and wondering what had happened when you watch the next epsiode.

With the likes of Hulu being unable to bring much of this content to Android due to the broadcast networks wishing to develop aplications of their own, many people felt left out in the cold when it came to their favourite TV series’ and were reluctant to move solely to Android TV, but that’s no longer a concern.

Gone are the days where the only way to watch the latest movies and TV shows was to purchase an expensive cable or satellite TV package, with masses of people migrating to Android TV either via  a smart TV sets or a DroidStar  Smart TV boxes every day, the TV world is certainly changing, and people are saving money – how long will it be before streaming TV services become the dominant force when it comes to watching television? We’re not sure – but we do believe it will happen one day, sooner or later.

It’s official, Google Panda is now part of the core ranking algorithm – so updates to Panda will not be structured as they have been in the past. We’re not certain exactly when it happened, but we can confirm that it has indeed happened.

Gary Illyes, a spokesman for Google has confirmed that Panda’s overall site ranking signals have become part of the core ranking algorithm. Panda ranks the quality of a website, which means websites with poor quality content, or even usability, can be ranked accordingly.

The days of Google announcing updates to Panda are most likely gone, which means we may see sudden changes to rankings which we weren’t expecting, and can’t be explained by an update, as we just won’t be aware of it.

Whilst we’re uncertain when this happened, we knew it was coming and we suspect it happened late in 2015, most likely during December, although it was a staggered rollout so it may have began somewhat earlier than this.

Whilst investigating the latest update we came to the conclusion that the real time updating functionality we’re waiting for is not yet here, so it sounds like that will be included in a future update, whether we’ll be told when it’s happened or not is yet to be seen.

A Tweet from Gary Illyes appears to confirm our suspicions on this one.

If you’ve seen massive drops in rankings (or indeed favourable movement which is out of the norm) then you’ve likely been affected by the Panda update – if you’ve dropped out of the rankings it may be worth calling in the services of someone such as SEO consultants – The SEO game is only going to get trickier as time goes by!

After 6 months, Windows 10 has finally passed Windows XP in terms of market share. As of January, Windows 10 had been installed on 11.9% of PCs across the globe, surpassing the 11.4% of machines running Windows XP.

This is a significant increase on the 10.4% of systems which are running Windows 8.1, showing that Windows 10 has been an excellent success.

Windows 10 is already installed on over 200 million devices, spanning across PCs, laptops, mobile phones and tablets, which makes it the fastest expanding version of Windows ever.

With computer repairs in Dublin and throughout Ireland keeping older devices alive,  people are looking to freshen up their operating system and making the jump from XP, Vista and Windows 8 to Windows 10,  and seeing a speed increase, we can see many more adopting this new operating system in the near future.

Microsoft are looking to have over 1 billion devices using Windows 10 by 2018, and at the current rate that is certainly a realistic goal.

Perhaps the biggest factor in Windows 10s growth speed is their upgrade scheme, which seen users of Windows XP and Windows 8 allowed to upgrade to Windows 10 for free, however, the return to the more recognised start bar and desktop format will also have been a large factor.

Windows 10 is also the first version to include modern features such as the Cortana virtual assistant, with both voice and text input, it is very similar to Siri over on Apple based devices.

The growth of Windows 10, and the fact that it has now passed Windows XP is a huge milestone, as Windows XP is now over 14 years old, and stopped providing updates several years ago, yet more than 1 in 10 computers worldwide are still running XP.

Microsoft believe that businesses who skipped the much frowned upon Windows 8 will finally take the plunge moving from Windows 7 to Windows 10 which will increase the speed of the latest Microsoft Operating System’s growth.

If you have a project which requires the hire of a crane, you may be overwhelmed with the amount of different types of crane available for hire, so it is important that you know exactly what each type of crane should be used in your situation. The main function of a crane is to lift large, heavy weights from the ground, usually over or onto a high structure – the lifting and moving is controlled by levers or controls in the cab. Whilst many modern cranes look like a simple machine, some of them are extremely high tech, but still share the same principles as they did almost 2000 years ago when the Romans used makeshift cranes to aid their building.

Perhaps the most common type of crane is the mobile crane – The mobile crane is generally a telescopic boom style which is mounted onto the rear of a large lorry or truck so it can be moved around, not only on site, but to and from sites – these cranes are excellent for general jobs, but can also be used to aid the construction of larger static cranes. They are generally built to be able to drive on the road, so are a great option for inner-city works.

Mobile cranes can also be used for demolition jobs, the hook on the end can be replaced/changed to a wrecking ball, or a wrecking bucket depending on what is required for the job at hand. Lorry based cranes can be driven almost anywhere, although for rough terrain you may wish to hire a crane with a caterpillar style base. The lorry mounted crane will have hydraulic outriggers which are extended to keep the crane stable whilst in use. Cranes that are on caterpillar style tracks are designed for rough terrain and are not generaly used on the road, they look and work just like caterpillar style JCB/Diggers.

Loader cranes, similar to grab trucks are small hydraulic boom arms which are mounted to the back of tipper style lorries and are used for loading or unloading the truck they are mounted to. You may see these delivering building supplies such as sacks of sand or concrete, and are mostly used for this type of work as they do not have a very high or long reach.

You may also have heard of floating cranes, these are generally used in shipping works, or sometimes for the recovery of ocean salvage – they can also be used in the construction of oil or gas rigs at sea, these are mounted on floating platforms, and can be hired from specialist companies – however this isn’t generally something a member of the public would hire, with the hire companies favouring specialist companies who have a requirement for such cranes.

Chances are you have seen the final common crane type – the tower crane, these are the large, constructed cranes which you see on the skyline when a large building or skyskcraper, these are generally built with the help of a mobile crane hire, which will come in and build the tower crane and then carry on to it’s next job.

Tower cranes are the most powerful but also the least mobile of cranes – they are moved in pieces by truck, and need assembled and disassembled every time you wish to move them, not ideal for a small project, but almost always the best solution for a large scale building project which requires high lifting of materials and parts.

Which type of crane do you need? Probably a mobile crane – from the likes of crane hire London, unless you’re building the next skyscraper in Canary Wharf!